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A traffic stop is a ‘government detention from where you are going, which involves your 4th amendment rights. Reasonable suspicion (RS), which is less than probable cause, but more than un-particularized suspicion. Exceptions to RS require that they can only keep you long enough to satisfy suspicion. Confirming  or dispelling that suspicion should not take ½ hr. Consent – leave as soon as possible. Ask them, “Am I being charged? Am I free to go?” Go to

The exception to this are ‘checkpoints’. Although there is no RS, the Supreme Court (Delaware vs. Prouse) says it is not a violation of your 4th amendment rights. The need for checkpoints are decided at the supervisor position, using a neutral formula.

The government cannot use discrimination illegally, only in certain forms. Regarding motorcycle only checkpoints, the government only need to show that we are a ‘challenged class’ and rationally an issue of ‘highway safety’ to comply.

So how do you fight motorcycle only checkpoints:

  • Legislatively
  • State constitutions can contain more rights. Look at yours.
  • When it comes to filming your stop or pictures during, check your state laws.
  • If stopped: – ask the purpose of the stop. Note who is being stopped and who is not. How long were you detained. How long were others being detained, compared to  yourself. If stopped, do an FOIP to obtain the checkpoint operations plan.

LESSONS OF LIFE- By Slider Gilmore:

Goal setting is crucial. Think outside the box.  Can’t reach a goal you don’t have. Say NO to people who don’t energize you! Spend time with people who inspire, challenge and energize you. Enthusiasm needs direction. Intelligence needs guidance.

Written goals need a ‘what’, ‘why’, ‘how’, ‘who’ and ‘when’. Make no more than 5 goals:

  • Decide exactly what you want,. This will be planted in your subconscious.
  • Write the goal down.
  • Set a deadline.
  • Make a list of everything that has to be done to achieve your goal.
  • Organize lists into a plan, taking into consideration the 20-80 rule.
  • Take actions. A goal with no action, has no power.
  • Do something every day towards that goal.

Bobbi Hartmann
MMA of AZ Legislative Researcher-Consultant, MAP
Coordinator, NCOM LTF Member

May 30, 2016    MMA News